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Birth of Jesus


In the USA, December 25th (Christmas) is the date we commonly celebrate as the day Jesus was born, yet we really do not know the exact date of His birth.  Many scholars believe that Jesus was actually born in the fall of the year rather than in the winter.

Using the Fall of AD27 as the date of His baptism (see the Daniel 8 & 9 Timeline), and the passage that tells us that Jesus was "about 30" when He was baptized gives us the Fall of 4BC for the date of His birth.



Jesus, God's only begotten Son, left Heaven and was born to redeem us - "When the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth His Son...to redeem them that were under the law." Galatians 4:4, 5


Jesus was born in Bethlehem, in a "stinky old barn".  Why did He come as a baby, and why was He born in a "barn"? Why wasn't He born in a castle, or at least in a house?  In Heaven He had everything, why would He leave it all and be born as a man, in a barn?  Why were the only people to hear the news of His birth local sheep herders, and far away strangers?  What does it mean, "to redeem them that were under the law"?  Are we still "under the law"?


Jesus was the Word of God (John 1:1-5, 9-14), God's thought, even His character, made audible and visible.  By coming to dwell with us, Jesus revealed God to us, and not just to us, to the angels as well.  Satan had claimed that those who served God were not really free but were really slaves to God's law and he also accused God of being unable to keep His own law and not really caring about people.  Jesus came to prove that God could keep the Law, that those who serve God are really "free indeed".  Remember that Jesus was, and is, God.  The New Testament book of John tells us this in John 1:1 saying, "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God."  Jesus death proved that He, God, really does love us, He loves us so much that He died so that we can live.

As you read and study this timeline, specifically each known event in Jesus life, ask yourself, "What is it that this event can tell me about who God is and about His love for me?"


From the book of Matthew:

1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.
1:19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just [man], and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily.
1:20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
1:22 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying,
1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
1:24 Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife:
1:25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.


From the book of Luke (The first part of this story is about John the Baptist and is inserted here because it is related.):

 1:1 Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us,
1:2 Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word;
1:3 It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus,
1:4 That thou mightest know the certainty of those things, wherein thou hast been instructed.
1:5 There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judaea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia: and his wife [was] of the daughters of Aaron, and her name [was] Elisabeth.
1:6 And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless.
1:7 And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they both were [now] well stricken in years.
1:8 And it came to pass, that while he executed the priest's office before God in the order of his course,
1:9 According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord.
1:10 And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense.
1:11 And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense.
1:12 And when Zacharias saw [him], he was troubled, and fear fell upon him.
1:13 But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John.
1:14 And thou shalt have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth.
1:15 For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb.
1:16 And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God.
1:17 And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.
1:18 And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in years.
1:19 And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to show thee these glad tidings.
1:20 And, behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed, because thou believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season.
1:21 And the people waited for Zacharias, and marvelled that he tarried so long in the temple.
1:22 And when he came out, he could not speak unto them: and they perceived that he had seen a vision in the temple: for he beckoned unto them, and remained speechless.
1:23 And it came to pass, that, as soon as the days of his ministration were accomplished, he departed to his own house.
1:24 And after those days his wife Elisabeth conceived, and hid herself five months, saying,
1:25 Thus hath the Lord dealt with me in the days wherein he looked on [me], to take away my reproach among men.

1:26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth,
1:27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name [was] Mary.
1:28 And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, [thou that art] highly favoured, the Lord [is] with thee: blessed [art] thou among women.
1:29 And when she saw [him], she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be.
1:30 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God.
1:31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.
1:32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:
1:33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
1:34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?
1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
1:36 And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren.
1:37 For with God nothing shall be impossible.
1:38 And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.

1:39 And Mary arose in those days, and went into the hill country with haste, into a city of Juda;
1:40 And entered into the house of Zacharias, and saluted Elisabeth.
1:41 And it came to pass, that, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb; and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost:
1:42 And she spake out with a loud voice, and said, Blessed [art] thou among women, and blessed [is] the fruit of thy womb.
1:43 And whence [is] this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?
1:44 For, lo, as soon as the voice of thy salutation sounded in mine ears, the babe leaped in my womb for joy.
1:45 And blessed [is] she that believed: for there shall be a performance of those things which were told her from the Lord.
1:46 And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the Lord,
1:47 And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Savior.
1:48 For he hath regarded the low estate of his handmaiden: for, behold, from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed.
1:49 For he that is mighty hath done to me great things; and holy [is] his name.
1:50 And his mercy [is] on them that fear him from generation to generation.
1:51 He hath showed strength with his arm; he hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts.
1:52 He hath put down the mighty from [their] seats, and exalted them of low degree.
1:53 He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away.
1:54 He hath holpen his servant Israel, in remembrance of [his] mercy;
1:55 As he spake to our fathers, to Abraham, and to his seed for ever.
1:56 And Mary abode with her about three months, and returned to her own house.
1:57 Now Elisabeth's full time came that she should be delivered; and she brought forth a son.


For further study, read:


If you have not done so already please be sure to view "The Big Picture" video.



Shepherds Visit Jesus at His Birth


From: Luke 2:8-20

And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night.  And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid.  And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.  For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, which is Christ the Lord.  And this [shall be] a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger.  And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us.  And they came with haste, and found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying in a manger.

And when they had seen [it], they made known abroad the saying which was told them concerning this child.  And all they that heard [it] wondered at those things which were told them by the shepherds.  But Mary kept all these things, and pondered [them] in her heart.  And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as it was told unto them.


For further study, read:

Jesus is Dedicated


From Luke 2:22-39

"And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present [him] to the Lord; (As it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord;) And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.

"And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name [was] Simeon; and the same man [was] just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him. And it was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord's Christ. And he came by the Spirit into the temple: and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to do for him after the custom of the law, Then took he him up in his arms, and blessed God, and said, Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word: For mine eyes have seen thy salvation, Which thou hast prepared before the face of all people; A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.

"And Joseph and his mother marvelled at those things which were spoken of him. And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this [child] is set for the fall and rising again of many in Israel; and for a sign which shall be spoken against; (Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also,) that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.

"And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser: she was of a great age, and had lived with an husband seven years from her virginity; And she [was] a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served [God] with fastings and prayers night and day. And she coming in that instant gave thanks likewise unto the Lord, and spake of him to all them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem.

"And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth."



For further study read:

The Wise Men's Visit (plus) Jesus Escapes to Egypt


The Bible calls Jesus a "child" and says that He was in a "house" when the "Wise Men" came to visit.  We are not told how old Jesus was at the time, but it is thought that He had to be less than two years old because Herod killed all children two years old and younger.  (It is known that Herod died about 4 BC which would make Jesus closer to just a few months old.)


After the Wise Men left, Joseph was warned in a dream to take Jesus and Mary, leave Bethlehem and go to Egypt.  Jesus life was in danger, because Herod was very angry that the Wise Men did not return to Jerusalem to tell him where Jesus was.  Herod claimed to want to worship the new King, but he really had planned on killing Jesus once he knew His location.


From the book of Matthew:

2:1 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,
2:2 Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.
2:3 When Herod the king had heard [these things], he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.
2:4 And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born.
2:5 And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet,
2:6 And thou Bethlehem, [in] the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.
2:7 Then Herod, when he had privily called the wise men, inquired of them diligently what time the star appeared.
2:8 And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for the young child; and when ye have found [him], bring me word again, that I may come and worship him also.
2:9 When they had heard the king, they departed; and, lo, the star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was.
2:10 When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy.
2:11 And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh.
2:12 And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod, they departed into their own country another way.
2:13 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.
2:14 When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt:
2:15 And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son.
2:16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently inquired of the wise men.
2:17 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying,
2:18 In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping [for] her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not.


For further study, read: 



Jesus Returns from Egypt


The Bible does not say how old Jesus was when He returned from Egypt, but it is known that Herod died about 4 BC.  Jesus was, most likely, born in 4 BC.  That would have made Jesus less than 1 year old when Herod died.  It was after Herod died that an angel spoke to Joseph and told him that it was safe to return.  Jesus may have returned right away or it may have even been a few years later.  It is known, however, that Jesus was living in Nazareth by the age of 12.


Matthew 2:15

And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son.


Matthew 2:19-23

" But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, Saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they are dead which sought the young child's life. And he arose, and took the young child and his mother, and came into the land of Israel. But when he heard that Archelaus did reign in Judaea in the room of his father Herod, he was afraid to go thither: notwithstanding, being warned of God in a dream, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee: And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene. "



Jesus as a Child & as a Young Man


(The Bible does not tell us much about Jesus as a child or as a young man.)


Mark 6:3 says, "is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us?..."


It is a surprise to most people, but from this verse we know that Jesus was not an only child.  He had at least 4 brothers and two sisters.  These brothers and sisters could have been sons and daughters of Joseph from another marriage, because we know that Mary had not had children before Jesus was born, or some may have been younger brothers and sisters, born to Mary after Jesus was born. The Bible does not say.


Also, from this verse, we know that Jesus worked as a carpenter.  Most of us knew that Joseph was a carpenter and that Jesus worked with him, but we do not think of Jesus as working as a carpenter even at age 29 and 30.


Mark 15:47  says, "And Mary Magdalene and Mary [the mother] of Joses beheld where he was laid."


From these verses it appears that Mary had at least one other son after Jesus, whose name was Joses, unless Mary is looked at as being "Joses" stepmother.


For further study read: 



Jesus went to Jerusalem


Luke 2:41-52 

"Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover. And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast. And when they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not [of it]. But they, supposing him to have been in the company, went a day's journey; and they sought him among [their] kinsfolk and acquaintance. And when they found him not, they turned back again to Jerusalem, seeking him. 


"And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions. And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers. And when they saw him, they were amazed: and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing. And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business? And they understood not the saying which he spake unto them. 


"And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject unto them: but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart. And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man.



For further study read:



Jesus as a Carpenter




Jesus Ministry Begins


The Bible says that Jesus was 30 years old when He went to the river Jordan to see John the Baptist and be baptized by him.  (Luke 3:23)  Jesus became the "Messiah", the "Most Holy" when He was anointed by the Holy Spirit at His baptism (Acts 10:37, 38).  


It is very interesting to note that Jesus Himself preached the Gospel.  Note that Jesus says, "...The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel."  (Mark 1:15)  What did He mean, "The time is fulfilled"?


Daniel  (see the Daniel 8 & 9 Timeline)

9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.   


This verse tells us exactly when the "most Holy" would be anointed as the "Messiah".  Jesus was anointed as the Messiah right on time.



3:21 Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, 
3:22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased. 



1:9 And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan. 
1:10 And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: 
1:11 And there came a voice from heaven, [saying], Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. 
1:12 And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the wilderness. 
1:13 And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him. 



3:13 Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized of him. 
3:14 But John forbad him, saying, I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me? 
3:15 And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer [it to be so] now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffered him. 
3:16 And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: 
3:17 And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. 4:1 Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil. 
4:2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungered. 
4:3 And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. 
4:4 But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. 
4:5 Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple, 
4:6 And saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in [their] hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone. 
4:7 Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. 
4:8 Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and showeth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; 
4:9 And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. 
4:10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. 
4:11 Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him.


For further study, read:



Jesus' Death, Burial and Resurrection

(There are 3 separate sections below.  For even more information see the "Passion Week" Timeline.)


Below are a few quotes from the Gospels referring to Jesus at the cross.  Many times we do not think of all He went through for us, things like the fact that He hung on the cross for 6 hours and 3 of those hours were in complete darkness.  As you study these passages, and others, think of what Jesus did for you just so that you can live.




His Death 



26:2 Ye know that after two days is [the feast of] the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified. 

26:19 And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the passover.

27:33 And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull, 
27:34 They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted [thereof], he would not drink. 
27:35 And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots. (Psalms 22:18)
27:36 And sitting down they watched him there; 
27:37 And set up over his head his accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS. 
27:38 Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left.



15:24 And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take.
15:25 And it was the third hour, and they crucified him.
15:26 And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS.
15:27 And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left.
15:28 And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.
15:29 And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest [it] in three days,
15:30 Save thyself, and come down from the cross.
15:31 Likewise also the chief priests mocking said among themselves with the scribes, He saved others; himself he cannot save.
15:32 Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him.
15:33 And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.
15:34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
15:35 And some of them that stood by, when they heard [it], said, Behold, he calleth Elias.
15:36 And one ran and filled a sponge full of vinegar, and put [it] on a reed, and gave him to drink, saying, Let alone; let us see whether Elias will come to take him down.
15:37 And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost.
15:38 And the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom.



23:32 And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death. 
23:33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left. 
23:34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots. 
23:35 And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided [him], saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God. (Psalms 22:13-18)
23:36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, 
23:37 And saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself. 
23:38 And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS. 
23:39 And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. 
23:40 But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? 
23:41 And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss. 
23:42 And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom. 
23:43 And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise. 
23:44 And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. 
23:45 And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. 
23:46 And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost. 



19:16 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led [him] away. 
19:17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called [the place] of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: 
19:18 Where they crucified him, and two others with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst. 
19:19 And Pilate wrote a title, and put [it] on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. 
19:20 This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, [and] Greek, [and] Latin.
19:23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also [his] coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. 
19:24 They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did. 
19:25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the [wife] of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. 
19:26 When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! 
19:27 Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own [home]. 
19:28 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. 
19:29 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put [it] upon hyssop, and put [it] to his mouth. 
19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. 


His Burial 

It is interesting to note that the day Jesus died was the day before a "high day" Sabbath.  A "High Sabbath" means that not only was it the regular Sabbath, but that a religious holiday also fell on that same day.  This High Sabbath also happened to be the Passover weekend.  The Passover day was Friday, the same day that Jesus died.  Jesus was the Passover Lamb (1 Cor. 5:7), the One whom the Passover lamb had always represented.  John 1:29 says, "The next day John [the Baptist] seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world."  Jesus, the Lamb of God, took our sins away that day.



19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and [that] they might be taken away. 
19:32 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. 
19:33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs: 
19:34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water. 
19:35 And he that saw [it] bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. 
19:36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. 
19:37 And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced. (Zachariah 12:10)
19:38 And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave [him] leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus. 
19:39 And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound [weight]. 
19:40 Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. 
19:41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. 
19:42 There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation [day]; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand. 



27:51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; 
27:52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, 
27:53 And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many. 


His Resurrection 



28:1 In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first [day] of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre. 
28:2 And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it. 
28:3 His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow: 
28:4 And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead [men]. 
28:5 And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified. 
28:6 He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. 
28:7 And go quickly, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead;...



16:2 And very early in the morning the first [day] of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun. 
16:3 And they said among themselves, Who shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulchre? 
16:4 And when they looked, they saw that the stone was rolled away: for it was very great. 
16:5 And entering into the sepulchre, they saw a young man sitting on the right side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were affrighted. 
16:6 And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid him. 
16:7 But go your way, tell his disciples and Peter that he goeth before you into Galilee: there shall ye see him, as he said unto you. 
16:8 And they went out quickly, and fled from the sepulchre; for they trembled and were amazed: neither said they any thing to any [man]; for they were afraid. 
16:9 Now when [Jesus] was risen early the first [day] of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils. 
16:10 [And] she went and told them that had been with him, as they mourned and wept. 
16:11 And they, when they had heard that he was alive, and had been seen of her, believed not. 
16:12 After that he appeared in another form unto two of them, as they walked, and went into the country. 
16:13 And they went and told [it] unto the residue: neither believed they them. 
16:14 Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen. 



24:1 Now upon the first [day] of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain [others] with them. 
24:2 And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre. 
24:3 And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus. 
24:4 And it came to pass, as they were much perplexed thereabout, behold, two men stood by them in shining garments: 
24:5 And as they were afraid, and bowed down [their] faces to the earth, they said unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead? 
24:6 He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee, 
24:7 Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again. 
24:8 And they remembered his words, 



20:1 The first [day] of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre. 
20:2 Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him. 
20:3 Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre. 
20:4 So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre. 
20:5 And he stooping down, [and looking in], saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in. 
20:6 Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie, 
20:7 And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself. 
20:8 Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed. 
20:9 For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead. 
20:10 Then the disciples went away again unto their own home. 
20:11 But Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, [and looked] into the sepulchre, 
20:12 And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain. 
20:13 And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith unto them, Because they have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him. 
20:14 And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus. 
20:15 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away. 
20:16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master. 
20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and [to] my God, and your God.

For further study read:

Updated: Nov 16, 2016

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Dan (Editor)
2013-01-23 8:24 PM

Did Jesus really have to die for me?  Wasn't there any other way?

2013-04-11 12:50 PM

Yes, there was another way.  God could have made the world perfect, without evil, without sin, without any possibility of mistakes.  But if He had, we wouldn't have had free will to choose for ourselves.  We do make mistakes, and those mistakes stay with us, as in "an eye for an eye."  What we do comes back to us.  But Jesus, being without sin, stepped in and took our place, so that every single mistake we ever make wouldn't have to come back and hit us in the face.  So that we could be forgiven.  I think the "recompense," the repayment for sins committed, is part of the dualistic nature of the universe.  In order for us to have free will, the universe had to be created in this dualistic way, so that we could have the choice, so that we could be heirs to the kingdom of God, and not just robots programmed to act a certain way.  But when we do commit sins, there has to be a way out, and Jesus agreed to be that way for us.  Does that make sense?

2013-06-09 12:38 AM

I appreciate your sincere concern here. What I am writing is slightly long-ish, but I ask that you please have patience with me, and stick with me! I promise it's worth it!
To answer your question: Yes, Jesus really did have to die for you. Why is this, you ask? Let's look at it. We need to look at the only true and sound starting point for our answers--God's Word, the Bible.
The Bible tells us that God did make the universe good. That means no evil, no sin--no death, killing, cancer, et cetera. Look at Genesis 1:31--
"Then God saw everything that He had made, and behold, it was very good. So the evening and the morning were the sixth day." [Emphasis mine]
Let's think about it. God is good. So why would He make an evil creation? That would be against His nature. And God, unlike us, is never deceitful (Numbers 23:19). 1John 5:9 says that we receive the testimony of people--and God's testimony is greater. 
Here's something else to consider. Look at Genesis 2:17. God warns--don't eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil--you will die. However, if the creation was already imperfect at this point--God would just be saying nonsense. If there was already death and sin, why would He say "don't do that or you'll die"? 
On the contrary, we know God doesn't speak silliness. His Word is living, powerful, sharper than a sword (Hebrews 4:12), inspired by Him--literally breathed by Him (2Timothy 3:16), purposeful (Isaiah 55:11) and pure (Proverbs 30:5)...to name just a few! If you have a big chunk of time on your hands, look at Psalm 119, where the psalmist declare how great the LORD's word is.
It is important that we understand what dualism is. It refers to a constant, cosmic battle between good and evil, where none is truly superior to the other, but things are kept "in balance."  Dualism also believes that everything has "a little bit of good and a little bit of bad in it." We've looked at Genesis, and seen that God did not create a dualistic universe. He made a good universe, without any bad! And the universe isn't dualistic now, either. The Bible says that the only One Who is perfectly and essentially good is God--and He said this Himself (Jesus, in Mark 10:18). 
Now here's the thing. God did give us a free will. This does not mean that he made Adam and Eve "partly evil." What it does mean is that they were not puppets. They could reason and love and make choices. 
They made a terribly, horribly unwise choice. Genesis 3 tells the tragic account. They listened to the serpent's lies, rather than the God Who made them. They took fruit from the tree--and ate it. They sacrificed God's love, trust, contentment and kindness...in order to be "equal" to Him. Being tempted was not the sin; giving into that temptation was. The once perfect-world was now broken. And so sin and death entered.
Adam and Eve were created perfect. They sinned. And it was their inheritance to their descendants. Our very nature is sinful (Psalm 51). By man came death, and in Adam, all die (1Corinthians 15:21-22). The human heart is desperately wicked (Jeremiah 17:9). We have all individually fallen short of God's glory (Romans 3:23) through sin--which is disobedience (1John 3:4), and the wages of sin is death (Romans 6:23).
See, God has a law which He has stamped on every human heart (Romans 2:14-16). This law of right and wrong--"the moral law"--is best known as the 10 Commandments. Think about this. Have you ever told a lie? (What do you call someone who lies?) Have you ever stolen anything, even something small--like a paper clip? (What do you call someone who steals?) The seventh commandment is "you shall not commit adultury." Jesus amplified this; He said if you even look with lust, you've committed adultury in your heart (Matthew 5). The sixth commandment says "you shall not murder"--but did you know that hatred makes you a murderer at heart (1John 3:15)? When we see God's law, we realize that we are very guilty...and we've only looked at a handful of the commandments (not all 10)! And the Bible says that whoever breaks one point of the law is guilty of all the law (James 2:10). As lawbreakers, all the world deserves God's punishment of hell (2Thessalonians 1:8), a very real and very terrible place. We need to get right with God...but we're completely blocked up in sin. We owe a very terrible debt...and we don't have the power to pay it! God is a just judge and must have justice (Psalm 7:11). Someone has to pay this price. 
So God Himself in Jesus is born as a man and a descendant of Adam, like us (Luke 3:38). But He never sins--never once lies, never once thinks a lustful thought. He is totally perfect in word, thought and deed. Jesus comes and lives among a world of sinners. And the only perfect Man takes the punishment our sins deserve. He takes up every sin ever committed--everyone in the world's hatred, lies, idolatry, lust...He dies in our place on the cross, becoming sin's curse for us (Galatians 3:13). Look at Isaiah 53 to see what Jesus did for a world of sinners.
Then, on the third day, Jesus is raised by God's power! He rises, thus defeating the power of sin and death (1Corithians 15). What Adam started, Jesus, the One Who made the universe (Colossians 1:9-15) finished. We had a huge debt to God; Jesus paid that debt with His own blood--so He fulfilled the righteous judgment. 
We live in a world wrecked by man. We are all guilty of breaking God's law. Then Jesus comes and with His perfect life and sacrificial death, pays our fine. So what remains to be said? That we must repent (turn from our sins) by confessing them to God (Psalm 51, Mark 1:15). Turning from sins means no longer living in them. For example, if I'm stealing, I have to stop. 
We also need to trust in Jesus by putting Him on. Romans 10 says to "acknowledge and confess with your lips that Jesus is Lord and in your heart believe God raised Him from the dead." When we come to the Savior, we might not "feel" different. But God is faithful and just to forgive us our sins that we confess to Him (1John 1:9), because of what has been done for you...what He Himself has done for you! He will give you a new heart; the Holy Spirit (the third Person of the Trinity) will live in you (Ezekiel 36:27). 
Jesus has done more than been our way out from sin. He is able to save us from hell if we repent and trust in Him. He's promised us eternal life. "He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life, but God's wrath abides on him." (John 3:36)

Dan, I hope that this helps. I ask that you please open a Bible--if you don't have one, go to one of the many free Bible websites. Search the Scriptures, starting with the book of John. Please, consider these things, and come to the Savior through repentance and faith. Jesus has done so much for you, so that even though we are all guilty, we can be made right, rescued from hell, and given eternal life. If I can clarify anything for you at all, please email me at magnify1151 (at) gmail (dot) com 

Dan (Editor)
2013-11-15 7:49 PM

Hi Kaitlin,
You suggested I look up Isaiah 53.  Wow, here is what I found:
Isaiah 53

The Message (MSG)

"Who believes what we’ve heard and seen?
    Who would have thought God’s saving power would look like this?

2-6 The servant grew up before God—a scrawny seedling,
    a scrubby plant in a parched field.
There was nothing attractive about him,
    nothing to cause us to take a second look.
He was looked down on and passed over,
    a man who suffered, who knew pain firsthand.
One look at him and people turned away.
    We looked down on him, thought he was scum.
But the fact is, it was our pains he carried—
    our disfigurements, all the things wrong with us.
We thought he brought it on himself,
    that God was punishing him for his own failures.
But it was our sins that did that to him,
    that ripped and tore and crushed him—our sins!
He took the punishment, and that made us whole.
    Through his bruises we get healed.
We’re all like sheep who’ve wandered off and gotten lost.
    We’ve all done our own thing, gone our own way.
And God has piled all our sins, everything we’ve done wrong,
    on him, on him.

7-9 He was beaten, he was tortured,
    but he didn’t say a word.
Like a lamb taken to be slaughtered
    and like a sheep being sheared,
    he took it all in silence.
Justice miscarried, and he was led off—
    and did anyone really know what was happening?
He died without a thought for his own welfare,
    beaten bloody for the sins of my people.
They buried him with the wicked,
    threw him in a grave with a rich man,
Even though he’d never hurt a soul
    or said one word that wasn’t true.

10 Still, it’s what God had in mind all along,
    to crush him with pain.
The plan was that he give himself as an offering for sin
    so that he’d see life come from it—life, life, and more life.
    And God’s plan will deeply prosper through him.

11-12 Out of that terrible travail of soul,
    he’ll see that it’s worth it and be glad he did it.
Through what he experienced, my righteous one, my servant,
    will make many “righteous ones,”
    as he himself carries the burden of their sins.
Therefore I’ll reward him extravagantly—
    the best of everything, the highest honors—
Because he looked death in the face and didn’t flinch,
    because he embraced the company of the lowest.
He took on his own shoulders the sin of the many,
    he took up the cause of all the black sheep."

Am I one of those "black sheep" that is being talked about?  He died for ME?

2013-12-08 7:51 AM

Thanks for such a helpful resource.

2013-12-19 3:29 PM

Who wrote this? I am writing a paper on Jesus and I wanted to know how to cite this site? thank you!

Dan (Editor)
2013-12-20 7:42 AM

Hi Carth, the editor wishes to remain anonymous because this site is about Jesus and He is where the focus should be.  May you be blessed as you study and write your paper about Him. -  Editor

David Eko
2015-06-10 7:29 PM

I was looking for answers on Jesus trip to Egypt time line and His temptation timeline
1) The Mathew says that the Wise men visited him in Bethlehem, and they left for Egypt that night. Luke says they left for Nazareth after the dedication.  Even if a side trip to Nazareth was omitted, why would they come back to Bethlehem after going home?
2) The timing of his temptations. John says the day after His baptisim they saw him, the other gospels said he was driven into the wilderness immediately. How do I reconcile them?

2015-08-31 9:54 PM

Thanks, this was so helpful!